The United States (U.S.) Federal Aviation Administration (F.A.A.) Clears The Boeing 737 MAX Global Fleet For Takeoff.
First reported by CNBC Airline Reporter Leslie Josephs (Josephs, 2020), the United States (U.S.) Federal Aviation Administration (F.A.A.) has released an “FAA Statement on the Return of the Boeing 737 MAX,” according to Federal Aviation Administration (2020). The New York Times, the Cable News Network (C.N.N.), the Washington Post, Fox Business, and the Seattle Times have all reported the action.
Currently the global fleet of Boeing 737–8 and Boeing 737–9, 737 MAX 8 & 737 MAX 9, respectively, is three-hundred and ninety (390) aircraft with seventy-two (72) registered in the United States (U.S.), according to the Federal Aviation Administration-a (2020).
After personally completing the new pilot training requirements and personally flying a complete flight in the State of Washington (U.S.A.), in the Captain Pilot Role for approximately two (2) hours, F.A.A. Chief Administrator Steve Dickerson B.S., J.D. signed the F.A.A. Order today, dated 11/18/2020, clearing the Boeing 737 MAX to fly again in Global Commercial Service capacities once all required criteria are met, according to Federal Aviation Administration-b (2020).
The United States (U.S.) Federal Aviation Administrative (F.A.A.) Chief Administrator & Director Steve Dickerson B.S., J.D. characterizes the process of returning the Boeing 737 MAX aircraft to commercial service as “long and grueling“. I agree with that yet, I would reasonably think the words “chronically agonizing” may be more representative in many instances.
The Boeing Company responded to the U.S. F.A.A. order today in a press-release stating:
“The FAA‘s directive is an important milestone,” said Stan Deal, president and chief executive officer of Boeing Commercial Airplanes. “We will continue to work with regulators around the world and our customers to return the airplane back into service worldwide.”
In addition to changes made to the airplane and pilot training, Boeing has taken three important steps to strengthen its focus on safety and quality.
- Organizational Alignment: More than 50,000 engineers have been brought together in a single organization that includes a new Product & Services Safety unit, unifying safety responsibilities across the company.
- Cultural Focus: Engineers have been further empowered to improve safety and quality. The company is identifying, diagnosing and resolving issues with a higher level of transparency and immediacy.
- Process Enhancements: By adopting next-generation design processes, the company is enabling greater levels of first-time quality,” according to The Boeing Company-b (2020).
The Immediate Financial Impact:
On the New York Stock Exchange (N.Y.S.E.), The Boeing Company stock (N.Y.S.E. Exchange Symbol: BA) closed yesterday (11/17/2020) at $210.02 United States Dollars (U.S.D.) per share. Today (11-18-2020) with the ignition of the Boeing 737 MAX being cleared for takeoff by the F.A.A, The Boeing Company stock (N.Y.S.E: BA) opened the day at $223.02 U.S.D. The six-point-two percent (6.2%) overall increase is the highest price for The Boeing Company stock (BA) stock since June of this year (06-2020 [A.D.]), as reported by The Street Investor Analyst Bret Kenwell, according to Kendell (2020). The immediate spike in BA stock this morning upon opening bell of the N.Y.S.E. was constantly eroded throughout the day resulting in a closing stock price for The Boeing Company of $203.30 U.S.D.; 3.328% Lower than the day before, or yesterday (11/17/2020), according to Yahoo Finance (2020). The Dow Jones Global Industrial Average Indexs (Dow Jones Global Indexes: I.N.D.U.) overall rating for the N.Y.S.E. closed out the day down three-hundred and forty-four point nine three points (-344.93), according to the Cable News Network (C.N.N.) Business Division (2020).
At the end of the day, the F.A.A. Boeing 737 MAX order did not even materialize into a “Zero–Sum–Gain” for The Boeing Company stockholding stakeholders. Regardless, today’s F.A.A. order repairs a catastrophic fault line AND crevice in the foundation of The Boeing Company to stabilize, grow, and evolve in the agile global climate.
F.A.A. Order Executive Summary
The U.S. F.A.A. has concluded its twenty (20) month, or one point six-six-six (1.666) years, exhaustive investigation and review. The investigation and review by the F.A.A. is the most comprehensive, robust, rigorous, detailed, deep, and extensive in the ninety-four (94) year history of the U.S. F.A.A. Today (November 18, 2020 [A.D.]) the U.S. F.A.A. publicly released a ninety-nine (99) page summary report of its investigation entitled: “Summary of the FAA’s Review of the Boeing 737 MAX: Return to Service of the Boeing 737 MAX Aircraft”. The summary report can be directly accessed and read by Clicking RIGHT HERE.
The report definitively identifies seven (7) “Identified Issue” (s), or safety issues, as follows:
- “USE OF SINGLE ANGLE OF ATTACK (AOA) SENSOR”
- “MCAS RESET GENERATES REPETITIVE MCAS COMMANDS”
- “MCAS TRIM AUTHORITY”
- “FLIGHTCREW RECOGNITION AND RESPONSE”
- “AOA DISAGREE: The AOA DISAGREE”
- “OTHER POSSIBLE FCC STABILIZER RUNAWAY FAILURES”
- “MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES RELATED TO THE MCAS”
The centric focus and root cause of these reported issues is the Boeing 737 MAX‘s new Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System, or M.C.A.S., and associated systems (i.e. Angle Of Attack [A.O.A.] sensor systems, etc.).
The Boeing Company built and designed the M.C.A.S. system for the Boeing 737 MAX to counteract and provide pitch sensitivity control the more powerful Safran LEAP–1B engines exclusively utilized in the latest edition of the Boeing 737 product line. “MCAS is designed to activate in manual flight, with the airplane‘s flaps up, at an elevated Angle of Attack (AOA),” according to The Boeing Company-b (2020).
The F.A.A. followed a transparent, publicly open and responsive process with over five-hundred and fifty (>550+) public comments received, starting with the initial formal report filing to the emergency action required triaging, in order to be able to take the action, taken today.
In order for Boeing 737 MAX operators to fly their aircraft commercially for profit, each aircraft must meet new F.A.A. regulatory compliance guidelines in the areas of aircraft and design, including: 1) Updating the M.C.A.S. Flight Control Laws Software, 2) Updating Related Changes to the M.C.A.S. Flight Control Laws Software Updates, and 3) Pilot Training Enhancements, according to the Federal Aviation Administration-c (2020).
The F.A.A. order instructs: “to allow the 737 MAX to return to service based on completion of the following actions:
FAA approval of the amended aircraft design.
Issuance of the AD that mandates specific actions that owners or operators must take to correct the unsafe condition.
Additionally, the following conditions are prerequisites to resuming operations in the U.S.:
For previously delivered 737 MAX airplanes, owner/operators must incorporate all FAA-mandated design changes and maintenance actions.
For any future delivered 737 MAX airplanes, Boeing is required to incorporate the same mandatory actions.
All US air-carrier pilots must complete the 737 MAX special training described in the 737
FSB report before serving in a 737 MAX airplane.
The FAA will issue a CANIC for the 737 MAX that provides information to the global
aviation community on a comprehensive set of actions that must be taken by
owner/operators to ensure a safe return to service. The FAA will issue the CANIC before it
issues an AD containing mandatory continued airworthiness information (MCAI). As other
CAAs consider returning the 737 MAX to service in their jurisdictions, the FAA strongly
CAAs with 737 MAX aircraft on their respective registries should mandate the pilot
training identified in the 737 MAX FSB report as a minimum starting point.
Each State of Registry is responsible for the continued airworthiness and continued operational safety (COS) of aircraft on its registry.
Accordingly, all States of Registry should adopt the final FAA AD and mandate the same changes in their own systems”, according to Federal Aviation Administration-b (2020).
The F.A.A. issued the one-hundred and fifteen (115) page Airworthiness Directive (A.D.) (A.D. 2020-24-02) as a reference for Boeing 737 MAX operators to comply with today (11-18-2020 [A.D.]). Readers, The Boeing Company Stakeholders, Air Travelers, and Boeing 737 MAX Operators may directly access, read, and download the A.D. in Adobe Acrobat PDF format by Clicking RIGHT HERE.
The Boeing 737 MAX Pilots and Operators Flight Training Departments may access, read, and download the newly revised Flight Training Requirements Guide Book, dated 11-16-2020 (A.D.) in PDF file format by Clicking RIGHT HERE.
Moreover, the F.A.A. has rescinded its previous order of “Emergency Order of Prohibition” ([A.D.] 2018-23-51) of the Boeing 737 MAX, effective today (November 18, 2020 [A.D.]), effectively lifting the global grounding order on all Boeing 737–8 (737 MAX 8) and 737–9 (737 MAX 9) aircraft. The four (4) page F.A.A. rescinding order in PDF format can be immediately & directly accesses, read, and downloaded by Clicking RIGHT HERE.
All U.S. Airlines will now be required to obtain F.A.A. certification for their updated specific flight training programs for the Boeing 737 MAX according to the new binding training requirements enacted today.
For the time being every new Boeing 737 MAX will be inspected by the F.A.A.
Finally, the F.A.A. has an Archived Reading Room immediately available to the public that includes: All documentation discussed herein, Sworn In Testimony, Speeches, etc., which can be immediately accessed, read, and downloaded by Clicking RIGHT HERE.
The Globally Traveling Public, Pilots, and Global Operators of the Boeing 737 MAX can be supremely confident & assured that when they board a Boeing 737 MAX for a flight; it is the most safest narrow-body airline transport category aircraft in the world, here on terrestrial Planet Earth that is.
HAPPY THANKSGIVING, HOLIDAY SEASON, and NEW YEARS THE BOEING COMPANY, BOEING 737 MAX STAKEHOLDERS, United States (U.S.) & Global Airlines, THE United States Federal Aviation Administration, and The Boeing Company Chief Executive Officer (C.E.O.) Dave L.Calhoun!!!!!!!!!!!
GOBBLE, GOBBLE, GOBBLE!!!
Cable News Network (C.N.N.) Business Division. November 18, 2020. Dow Jones Industrial Average Index. Cable News Network Business Division. Accessed on November 18, 2020. Retrieved from: https://money.cnn.com/data/markets/dow/
Federal Aviation Administration–a. November 11, 2020. FAA Updates On Boeing 737 Max. Federal Aviation Administration. Accessed on 11-18-2020. Retrieved from: https://www.faa.gov/news/updates/?newsId=93206
Federal Aviation Administration–b. November 18, 2020. Summary of the FAA’s Review of the Boeing 737 MAX: Return to Service of the Boeing 737 MAX Aircraft. Federal Aviation Administration. Accessed on 11-18-2020. Retrieved from: https://www.faa.gov/news/updates/?newsId=93206
Josephs, Leslie. November 18, 2020. FAA Clears Boeing 737 MAX To Fly Again After 20 Month Grounding Spurred By Deadly Crashes“. CNBC.com . Accessed on 11/18/2020. Retrieved from: https://www.cnbc.com/2020/11/18/boeing-737-max-cleared-to-fly-again-after-20-month-grounding-spurred-by-deadly-crashes.html
Kenwell, Bret. November 18, 2020. Boeing – How to Trade the Stock After 737 MAX Approval. The Street. Accessed on November 18, 2020. Retrieved from: https://www.thestreet.com/investing/boeing-ba-stock-trading-737-max-faa-approval
The Boeing Company–a. November 18, 2020. Boeing Responds to FAA Approval to Resume 737 MAX Operations. The Boeing Company. Accessed on November 18, 2020. Retrieved from: https://boeing.mediaroom.com/2020-11-18-Boeing-Responds-to-FAA-Approval-to-Resume-737-MAX-Operations
The Boeing Company–b. (2020). 737 MAX Updates. The Boeing Company. Accessed on November 18, 2020. Retrieved from: https://www.boeing.com/commercial/737max/737-max-software-updates.page